Elucidating the structure of poly dopamine Charlotte cam2cam
However, due to globalization, a decline in antibiotic discovery, and the widespread resistance of microbes to many commercial antibiotics and metallic nanoparticles, new materials, and approaches to reduce biofilm formation are needed. In this mini-review, we cover the recent strategies that have been explored to combat microbial contamination without exerting evolutionary pressure on microorganisms. Controlling bacterial adhesion to surfaces using topographical cues: a study of the interaction of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with nanofiber-textured surfaces. doi: 10.1039/c2sm26368h Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Kasemset, S., Lee, A., Miller, D. Within the clinical setting, bacterial colonization, and subsequent biofilm formation is a pressing challenge that leads to chronic infections (Flemming and Wingender, 2010). Surface modification of plant fibers using environment friendly methods for their application in polymer composites, textile industry and antimicrobial activities: a review. Foodborne illnesses associated with bacterial contamination during food processing yield enhanced tolerance to antibiotic treatments (da Silva and De Martinis, 2013). Chitin can be extracted from a wide number of natural sources including crustacean shells, insect cuticles, and fungal biomass (Schiffman and Schauer, 2009; Hajji et al., 2014). Disruption of Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm formation using a targeted cationic peptide. Based on the source, the extracted chitin will vary in molecular weight, degree of deacetylation, purity, distribution of charged groups, and crystallinity. As noted previously, biopolymers offer intrinsic functionality and biocompatibility making them ideal hydrogel tissue engineering scaffolds (Van Vlierberghe et al., 2011). doi: 10.1021/nl102290k Pub Med Abstract | Full Text | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Hofmann, C. Biodegradable polymers, including, polylactic acid, polycaprolactone, and poly-alhyl-cyanoacrylates are used for temporary therapeutics and drug delivery vehicles that limit biofouling, while maintaining biocompatibility (Kumari et al., 2010).
In addition to being sustainable, biopolymers also offer inherent properties such as, antibacterial activity, biodegradability, biocompatibility, chelation, and coagulation capabilities (Schiffman and Schauer, 2008).
Once fouled, the lifetime, and performance of membranes are significantly decreased, which leads to monetary and health ramifications. doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.20 Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Kalia, S., Thakur, K., Celli, A., Kiechel, M.
Prevention of bacteria attachment is the most effective method of preventing disease, reducing operational costs, and saving energy.
Biofilms are communities of aggregated microorganisms surrounded by a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substances.
Across industries, including, healthcare, food production, and membrane-based separation processes, biofilms yield detrimental results (Baker and Dudley, 1998; Van Houdt and Michiels, 2010).